International Commodity Agreements (ICAs) are essentially multilateral instruments of state control that support the international price of different primary raw materials, particularly through agreements such as export quotas or secure market access. Therefore, international commodity agreements must be distinguished from commodity task forces that are totally lacking in operational responsibility; international agreements of a non-governmental nature; and the Combined Food Board (1942-1945) or the International Materials Conference (1951-1953), which used international allocative machines for a significant number of primary raw materials in times of wartime shortages. The proposed definition also excludes the following “close” forms of international obligations: (1) large-scale bilateral acceptance agreements; (2) multilateral arrangements for the control of outlets for industrial products, such as the International Convention on Cotton Textiles negotiated in 1961; (3) the arrangements for sectoral integration along the model of the European Coal and Steel Community or the common agricultural policy of the European Economic Community; (4) plans for a commodity reserve currency; (5) proposals for international food reserves; and (6) measures to reduce tariffs or non-tariff restrictions on cross-border trade in goods or services.